Glaucoma Testing & Treatment
Experts estimate that only half of the people who currently have glaucoma even realize that they are affected, because early stages typically produce no symptoms. While there is no cure for glaucoma, many medications and procedures exist that can help to slow the disease or stop it altogether. However, like so many eye-related disorders, early diagnosis is essential. Because the early stages of glaucoma have no noticeable symptoms, regular eye exams are recommended for everyone, even those who have no eye-related symptoms or problems.
When testing for glaucoma specifically, there is typically four procedures that may be done:
- Tonometry is performed to measure the pressure inside your eye. Using a chin rest to help stabilize your head, you will look directly into the machine and the doctor will puff a small burst of air at your open eye. The tonometer does not come in contact with the eye and the procedure is painless. Your eye's pressure will be calculated based on your eye's resistance to the puff of air. A high pressure reading could indicate glaucoma.
- Ophthalmoscopy is a procedure in which a patient's eye is dilated and the doctor uses an ophthalmoscope to survey inside your eye – damage on the optic nerve at the back of the eye could also indicate glaucoma.
- Perimetry is a visual field and acuity test that can help detect if any damage or loss of sight has already occurred thanks to glaucoma.
- With gonioscopy, a doctor can examine the area of your eye where the iris and cornea meet, using a specialized contact lens. If this area is too wide or too narrow, it may also indicate glaucoma.
The treatments for glaucoma are varied, depending on several factors, such as the severity of the glaucoma and other optometric needs of the patient. Medicated eye drops are available to slow or stop the spread of glaucoma, as well as procedures that can lower intraocular pressure, and laser therapies like the Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) treatment. What treatment is right for you can only be determined with a thorough diagnosis and a discussion with an eye health professional.
New advances and techniques have made cataract surgery one of the most successful and life-improving surgical procedures performed. We offer the latest procedures available to help remove cataracts and restore your vision, including the placement of intraocular lenses (IOL's). Most cataract surgeries are performed on an outpatient basis and more than 95 percent of surgeries improve vision.
During IOL surgery, the eye's natural lens is removed and replaced with an Intraocular lens. Since being approved by the FDA in 1981, IOLs have offered an effective alternative for cataract patients. Prior to the use of IOLs, cataract patients had to wear very thick eyeglasses or special contact lenses in order to see after the natural lenses were removed during surgery.
Diabetic Retina Evaluation
People with diabetes are unfortunately at a higher risk for numerous diabetic eye diseases, which can lead to severe vision loss and sometimes even blindness. Diabetes, a disease denoted by high levels of blood sugar, can cause blood vessels to break or leak.
Of nearly all the blood vessels in the body, the blood vessels in the eye are the easiest to see. Therefore, damage to those blood vessels can quickly cause eyesight problems, but this means they are also the easiest to see in the right conditions. However, most diabetes-related eye problems – including several types of retinopathy, macular degeneration, ocular histoplasmosis and retinal detachment – can't be self-diagnosed at home in the mirror, because your eyes will still look and feel normal on the outside.
However, our office has the training and specialized equipment necessary to dilate your pupil and perform a thorough examination of the interior of your eye, giving us a great vantage point to diagnose these and other eye conditions. Some patients report blurred vision after this examination, so we recommend patients arrange for transportation home after their appointment.